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Gum disease and high blood pressure

Partners In Prevention 1A new, 3-year prospective Japanese study involving over 2500 university students (mean age of 18 years at baseline) examined various risk factors for the emergence of high blood pressure (hypertension).

The study found that among a group of students who had elevated (or prehypertensive) blood pressure at baseline, 3 factors which led to high blood pressure were:

  • gender (being a male) (odds ratio of 6.31),
  • lack of regular exercise (odds ratio of 2.90) and
  • periodontal disease (defined as pocket depth ≥ 4mm and BOP ≥ 30% at baseline) (odds ratio of 2.74).

Notably, elevated/prehypertensive blood pressure (defined as systolic blood pressure 120-139mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure 80-89mm Hg) is a common phenomenon even amongst young university students. About 4 out of 10 study participants had this condition at baseline.

Periodontal disease was not a risk factor for students developing elevated blood pressure over 3 years.

In several other studies, gum disease has been strongly associated with blood pressure and even hypertension; this study supports this connection using a prospective approach.

The mouth is part of the body. Your patients will be interested.

For more information, please visit: http://partnersinprevention.ca/gum-disease-and-high-blood-pressure/

By: Ross Perry
SOURCED: Partners In Prevention – www.partnersinprevention.ca

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